Third World New Directions – by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto #zab


5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979 — Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Peoples Leader & founder Pakistan Peoples Party was the ninth Prime Minister of Pakistan (1973–77) and its fourth President (1971–73)

The small nation which does not understand the new rules is doomed to frustration, a sense of helplessness, isolation and, perhaps, eventual extinction. We must fully understand how in this new situation we should conduct our own affairs.

The questions before the smaller nations today is how to conduct their affairs in such a manner that their basic interests are safeguarded, they retain their territorial integrity and continue to have independence in their relationship with the Great Powers as well as with the smaller nations. It is obvious that it is not possible to attain equality among unequal forces. In such a situation the most one can expect is a relationship of tolerance, perhaps understanding, but never genuine equality. The relationship between the Great Powers and the smaller countries are ipso facto unequal in which the Great Powers can wrench out a multitude of advantages without responding in sufficient, leave alone equal, and measure. It is not conceivable for a weaker nation to convert or seduce a Great Power to its point of view or to bring it under its influence on the noble plea of justice or the righteousness of its cause. In the ultimate analysis, it is not the virtue of the cause that becomes the determining factor but the cold global interests of Great Powers which determine their policy. These interests are bound to prevail in any open and endless confrontation among such unequal forces.
Does this mean that the smaller nations should obediently follow the dictates of Great Powers and exchange their independence for material gains and promise of economic prosperity? The answer is a resounding ‘No’. It is possible with adroit handling of their affairs for the smaller nation to maintain their affairs for the smaller nations to maintain their independence and have a flexibility of action in their relationship with Great Powers as well as smaller nation to completely identify itself with the total interest of one Great Power to the exclusion of the others. Sometimes it might be necessary for a smaller nation to be more closely associated with one global power but, even so, it is not impossible for it to maintain normal relations with the others on the basis of honorable bilateral relations. It would be the quintessence of folly for a small State to pursue a policy of provocation towards any global power on the strength of support form another Great Power on the strength of support from another Great Power, or for any other pressing reason…

reference: page no (85:86) Third World New Directions Copyright ©
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